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Smart Intelligent Textiles

উত্সর্গঃ সৃস্টির সেবক, রেডিও আবিস্কারক স্যার জগদীশ চন্দ্র বসু – যার স্পর্শে পৃথিবী ধন্য!

Today, textile touches our lives so many ways. Scientists are seeking advanced engineered materials and sophisticated solutions for challenging applications. A new generation of Interdisciplinary innovations outreaches the engineered textile structures for superior functional features. This article sheds on light on the recent research interests and the challenges and opportunities with these emerging intelligent smart textiles in perspective.  

 

Highly flexible textile structures are used extensively today to produce stronger, lighter, safer and smarter products to replace heavy metal with superior performance and extended service life. The classical research focus remains integrating emerging technologies to textile structures to design advanced materials with critical performance requirements predominantly for intelligent interactions and functional features. For more in-depth details explore the links and featured insights below.

 

Areas of Interests (see links):

  • Energy storage/harvesting textiles that can sustain, maintain and manage energy efficiently
  • Electronic textiles
  • Conductive textile materials
  • Switches, sensors, actuators, MEMS, NEMS
  • Thermochromic textiles
  • Photonic textiles
  • BioMaterials, gene-sequencing
  • Nanotechnology, nano structural materials and nanocomposites
  • Modification and characterization of materials
  • Molecular modeling

Challenges:

  • Integration of interdisciplinary innovations
  • Compatibility
  • Corrosion
  • Flexiblity
  • Efficiency
  • Robustness – Life Cycle
  • Recycle ability
  • Sustainability
  • Environment

Opportunities:

  • Sophisticated Active, Passive and Intelligent Solutions (see links)
  • Performance: Lighter, Stronger, Safer, Smarter Products
  • Features/Functions: Sensitivity, Reactivity and Adaptability
  • Productivity

Market Intelligence:

 

IDTechEx find that in 2010 the total market for energy harvesting devices, including everything from wristwatches to wireless sensors, is $605 million, rising to $4.4 billion in 2020.
The retail sales of window coverings in the US were $6.9 billion/year in 2008 and increasing at 3%/year  from 2008-2013 (Fredonia Focus, 2009).
The development of new products is essential to staying competitive in this market, requiring innovation and differentiation. Advancements in the industry are driven by new materials with specific performance properties (Fredonia Focus, 2009).
New products that control sun’s heat and glare are expected to dominate innovation. In the US, some of these window shades are energy efficient enough to be eligible for energy efficiency tax credits of $1500 as part of the US Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
Integrated textiles and electronics is an industry already estimated to be worth more than $1 billion annually, Professor Xia-ming Tao, of Hong Kong Polytechnic University, said in her keynote address at the 100th Centenary Textile Institute Conference held in Manchester on November 3rd 2010.
Saint-Gobain Glass and SAGE will build the world’s first large-scale electrochromic glass plant in Faribault, Minnesota (United States). The project, started in November 2010, will cost about  US$135M. It will act as the spearhead for electrochromic technology worldwide. The new plant will have an annual production capacity of more than 370, 000 square meters (4 million square feet) of electrochromic glass with sizes ranging up to 1.5 x 3.5 meters (5 x 10 feet), much larger than currently available in the market. The plant is scheduled to begin production starting in mid-2012. Leveraging the resultant economies of scale, this innovative glass will be sold at an affordable price.”

 

 

Germany’s Science Council has recently approved the University of Freiburg’s proposal for the Freiburg Centre for Interactive Materials and Bioinspired Technologies (FIT). The €23-million project is scheduled to be ready in 2013 and will focus on basic research into interactive materials and intelligent systems.
Agion Technologies has received US Patent 7,754,625 which specifically protects its odour control solution as a breakthrough in treating white and light-coloured materials, ensuring long-term colour stability and wash durability.
According to reports of various market research companies, the global market for technical textiles is expected to grow to the tune of US$ 127 billion by the year 2010. While the US and EU continues to be the main manufacturers and consumers of functional textiles, China has emerged as a large manufacturer of the same.
According to the definition of CEN/TC 248 Committee working on standardization, “Smart or intelligent textiles are functional textiles, which interact with their environment by responding to it. This response can be either a (visible) change in the materials properties or result in communicating the environmental trigger to an external read out.”
Solar PVs now constitute an annual $20 billion business globally. They presently generate 20 GW of power annually (>95% grid-connected), with increases averaging 40% p.a. since 2000.1 Solar PV cell R&D now represents a global $400 million per year direct public investment.1 Only a tiny fraction of this research (ca. $3 million annually1) is carried out in Canada. –Int’l Energy Agency Report# IEA-PVPS T1-19:2010

It is estimated that by 2016 there will be around 300 million wireless sensor-based gadgets for wearing on the body in the fields of healthcare and sports management as well as other activities in the fields of media, automotive, security and the home.

 

Nike has established a running community portal on Nikeplus.com, where users can monitor their sports performance. By 2014 Nike aims to have 10 million people around the world hooked up to its Nikeplus.com running community portal via sensors in their clothing, footwear, wristwatches and other accessories.
According to Wikipedia:
“A technical textile is a textile product manufactured for non-aesthetic purposes, where function is the primary criterion. It is a large and growing sector and supports a vast array of other industries. Overall, global growth rates of technical textiles are about 4% per year greater than the growth of home and apparel textiles, which are growing at a rate of 1% per year.”

The global market for nanotechnologies is projected to grow at a CAGR of around 20% till 2013, says " Nanotechnology Market Forecast to 2013 : ." The report also projects that market for nanotechnology incorporated in manufactured goods will worth US$ 1.6 Trillion, representing a CAGR of more than 49% in the forecast period (2009-2013). This growth will largely be driven by massive investment in nanotechnology R&D by both governments and corporates across the world.

 

Outlook:

No doubt, the ripples of interdisciplinary innovations and super complex products will transform our future in a unique way. However, the impact of some of these emerging technologies is still unknown. Can we recycle these emerging complex wastes and sustain our environment?

  

What do you think?

 

More to come…

 

Acknowledgements: TexTek Solutions :: MW Canada Material Innovations. 

 

Interesting Links:

Featured Insights:

2011 Airship Technology> Materials> S Islam et al., Cambridge University Press, UK – In Press

2010 Vectran Fiber: A Unique Combination of Propoerties for the Most Demanding Applications: http://www.vectranfiber.com/engineering_introduction.asp, Jul 10

2010 Carbon Nanotube, Wikipedia, Jul 10

2010 [PDF] KEVLAR® technical guide – DuPont. The miracles of Science™; Jul10

2010 Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes, pa.msu.edu/cmp/csc/ntproperties, Jul 08

2010 Extreme Engineered Materials Design, S Islam, Textile, biggani.org, Jul10

2010 Super Strong NanoCrystalline Cellulose Synthesis: Challenges and Opportunities, S Islam, Nanotechnology, biggani.org, Jul 04

2010 Sizing Nanoparticles – Determining the Particle Size of Nanomaterials by Micromeritics, AZoNano.com, Jul 02

2010 Biosensing with Nanotubes, J G Shapter, AZoNano.com, Jul 01

2010 Progress and Perspectives in the Carbon Nanotube World, M Endo, AZoNano.com, Jun 23

2010 Soft Capacitor Fibers Using Conductive Polymers for Electronic Textiles, J F Gu, S Gorgutsa, M Skorobogatiy, Jun 26

2010 Complete Analysis of Nanomaterials in Textile Textile Industry, Nanomaterials, Reportlinker.com

2010 IridescentSolid NanoCrystalline Cellulose Films Incorporating Patterns andMedthod for Their Production, S Beck, J Bouchard, R Berry, USP2010/0151159 A1, Jun 17

2010 Striking New Details About the Electronic Structure of Graphene, Graphene, May 20

2010 ConductivityTrends of PEDOT-PSS Impregnated Fabric and the Effect of Conductivityon Electrochromic Textile, Y Ding, M A Invernale, G A Sotzing, ACSApplied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 2, No. 6, 1588-1593, May 18

2010 Thick-film textile-based amperometric sensors and biosensors, Y-L Yang, M-C Chuang, S-L Lou, J Wang, www.rsc.org/analyst, Analyst, 2010, 135, 1230-1234

2010 Technical Interactions, R Berry, FP Innovations, Montreal, Canada.

2010 ParametersAffecting the Chiral Nematic Phase of NanoCrystalline Cellulose Films,J Pan, W Hamad, S K Straus, Macromolecules, 43, 3851-3858

2009 Canada Strikes Nanotech Gold, R Lombardi, Canadian Business Online, Oct 13

2009 New Wood-Fibre Product Holds Promise for Forestry Industry, Edmonton Journal, Jun 25

2009 A Technique forProduction of Nanocrystalline Cellulose with a Narrow SizeDistribution, W Bai, J Holbery, K Li, Cellulose, 16, 455-465 

2007 Boiactive Silk Proteins as Geotextile Substrates, M Tsukada, S Islam, Y Ishiguro, Textiles & Clothing, Jan-Mar 5-6

2006 CarbonNanotubes: Next Generation of Electronic Materials, J Seetharamappa, SYellapa, F D'Souza, Electrochemical Society Interface, Summer

2006 Cellulose NanoCrystals Make Plastic 3,000 Times Stronger, Nanowerk News, Oct 19 

2006 Methods and apparatus for spinning spider silk protein, S Islam et al., USP 7,057,023 Jun 6

2006 Emerging Textile and Clothing Technology, S Islam, ITET J., 31 Mar 1-5

2005High-toughness Spider Silk Fibers Spun from Soluble rc-Silk Produced inMammalian Cells, C Karatzas, S Islam et al., Biotechnology ofBiopolymers: From Synthesis to Patents, 2 Volumes, Germany 945-966

2005 Nanotech Changes Everything, R Spence, Canadian Business Online, Jul 25

2005 Value-added Textile Technology, S Islam, Textile Excellence J., Anniversary Issue, Jul. 3(1) 55-56

2005 [PDF] TOYOBO CO., LTD.: www.toyobo.co.jp/e/seihin/kc/pbo/Technical_Information_2005.pdf

2004 Enhancing Sorption Properties of Natural Fibrous Protein Substrates.   Part I: Absorption of malodorous gases, M Tsukada, H Katoh, S Islam, N Kasai, Text. J., 121(6) 48-50

2004 Antibiotic Silk Substrates for Healthcare, M Tsukada, G Shen, S Islam, Text. J. 121(5) 47-49

Updated: 2012 02 23 

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About Shafiul

Professional Profile Link: http://linkedin.com/in/shafiul2009 Co-founder & Editor, www.biggani.org ড. শফিউল ইসলাম: কানাডীয় TexTek Solutions এর ডিরেক্টর ও Institute of Textile Science Canada এর প্রাক্তন প্রেসিডেন্ট। স্পাইডার সিল্ক প্রযুক্তির উদ্ভাবক। যুক্তরাজ্য থেকে টেক্সটাইল বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তিতে ডক্টরেট ডিগ্রী অর্জন করেন। তাঁর গবেষণার বিষয়ঃ combining high performance polymers, fibres and film substrates for developing prodigious process-product-technology and engineered materials । তাঁর অনেক গবেষণাপত্র, বই ও প্যাটেন্ট প্রকাশ পেয়েছে। ব্যক্তিগত সাইট: http://textek.weebly.com, ইমেইল:textek@gmail.com

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লিখেছেন Shafiul Islam Sunday, 12 December 2010 উৎসর্গঃ সৃস্টির সেবক, রেডিও আবিস্কারক স্যার জগদীশ চন্দ্র …

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